How Hackers Hack
June 5th, 2015 Matt McCue

The recent hack of the US Government’s computer system in the news shows how even the most secure network can be compromised.

What is Hacking?


Hacking is a problem that every company and organization must deal with and prepare their systems and networks so that they're as secure as possible. The reports of large-scale hacks are becoming more and more frequent, which is why your company must ensure that it is as secure as possible.

Photo Credit: Dennis Skley

The term “hacker” was coined by the mathematical genius John Nash (who recently died in a car crash in New Jersey), which originally was a derogatory term to describe someone who took a shortcut to achieve a goal.

When hackers first started to maliciously target systems, the phone system was the first that was breached - using a whistle from a Cap’n Crunch cereal box. The hacker was successful in changing the clock, which charged users with lower night-time rates during the day, and higher tolls when users were expecting to pay night-time rates.

Sophisticated Hackers

Today’s hackers are much more sophisticated, using technology’s weaknesses or human error to gain access to a system or network. Trustwave Global Security released a report in 211 that stated that hackers use the following methods to gain access:


  • 55% exploit existing remote access application
  • 8% use social engineering
  • 6% use SQL injections
  • 6% use email trojans
  • 2% use legitimate users
  • 2% use physical access
  • 2% use remote file inclusion
  • 20% - unknown

The same report states that once inside a network, hackers to go for financial data more than any other data. With that said, the US Government hack that was reported this week targeting employee information including Social Security Numbers, security clearance, etc.


According to the Trustwave Global Security report, hackers target sensitive company data only 8%, while targeting financial and credit card data accounts for 85% of the hacks. Retail giants including Home Depot, Target, and KMart were all breached for the financial data (credit card numbers) of their customers.


How to Prevent Hacking


Tridacom offers a Managed Services for clients who are concerned with their company’s data and information security. Our team of IT technicians and security experts handle Windows updates, antivirus and security software that keeps them up to date and secure.


When your systems and network operating systems are up to date with the most current versions, the chances of hackers being successful at gaining entry is greatly reduced. Any known exploits or backdoors are addressed and patched in new versions, making it more difficult for hackers to gain access to your files and data.


Managed Service users are also protected from emails with viruses, trojans, and malware with the most thorough antivirus software on the market to ensure that your company is protected from viruses and exploits sent to employees via email.


Our software scans all incoming emails for attachments that may be malicious and quarantine them for further checks. In the event that the attachments are malicious, the email won’t be delivered to its recipient. If it’s a false alarm and the attachment is OK, then the email will continue on its journey to the employee it was sent to - without any noticeable delay.  


Managed Services are available for companies with or without their own in-house IT department. In companies with their own IT departments, our Managed Services freed up their time from preventative security tasks to revenue-generating projects that can give your company a competitive edge or enter new markets.


Companies without an in-house IT technician or department can use the Managed Services to increase security, productivity, and efficiency of their IT investments. Our team of IT technicians will ensure that your company is protected with the most current and protective software and applications. You’ll never have to worry about whether or not your data is protected from hackers because our team has covered all of the known threats.


For more information on how Tridacom and our Managed Services can protect your company and its data from hackers, call us for more information. We’re available to answer your questions at 1-877-489-0123.


Tridacom is a Canadian IT and Telecommunications company with offices in Edmonton, Regina, Toronto, and Vancouver.

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